I. What is political economy as an
to the study of politics?
Looks at the interaction/coincidence of political/economic power
How economic interests shape politics, determine domestic and international policies
Gender and International
How is international political economy affected by women's (lack of) participation?
How do scholars
understandings of gender, gender/race/class affect what we know about
how the global economy and how global politics function?
II. Cynthia Enloe's Bananas, Beaches, and
Bases: Making Feminist Sense of International Politics
Gendered nature of international
economy has generally been invisible to scholars, the public
Enloe argues this has distorted
our understanding of IPE
**Her central premise:
world go round.
We have to see ideas about femininity AND masculinity as political not just “cultural”
– otherwise, we stay ignorant of how political our own lives are and we stay globally naïve
How does making women/gender central to our study of IPE change our analysis?
What kinds of trends, phenomenon,
development strategies do we notice if we make gender central?
In global politics?
What roles are women playing in the global economy?
Issues of Interest:
1. Banana Industry
the Banana Industry
2. The Anti-Sweatshop Movement
WHY do women comprise 80% of global sweatshop workforce?
Enloe argues that whole structure of the industry (from payrates to who does what) prefaced on notions of “dutiful daughters” and other gender stereotypes, customs, traditions
3. Tourism, Sex Tourism, Trafficking in Women
Philippine sex tourism
III. Preface to 1989 edition
Pocahontas and Carmen Miranda – their lives and legends as emblematic of political struggles of their day
Pocahontas – an intermediatry
British and her people in the New World; her trek to UK as
of civilizing influence of British on native peoples
Ends up in British cemetery – with “civilization’s coal dust in her lungs”
More on Miranda later
Women as missing dimension of
Women-as-consumers as global political actors
IV. Chpt 1 Gender makes the
If we employed conventional techniques of analyzing world politics, women are invisible
Photos of men doing politics – not until we have Thatcher in the picture that we even notice that they are all men
**international political economy supported by specific gender roles, occupational segregation;
**Int’l politics are built around idealized notions of masculinity and femininity
**these can be changed; this is potentially liberating for men as well as women
Tourism – how is one’s decision to
in Jamaica political?
What are the invisible gender dimensions to the tourist trade mentioned here?
Note also the sexual tension between colonized, colonizer.
International politics and economics – depend on women rising to the occasion – being the self-sacrificial superwoman, supermom - doing without her man for months at a time while he’s working in migrant labor or doing his patriotic duties in military, espionage, foreign service
Iran/Contra example – Ollie North
conventional male “patriot”
Fawn Hall as the blonde bombshell assistant; Betsey North as the dutiful, self-sacrificial wife; kept from knowing secrets of the husbands jobs but expecting to back them to the hilt if they get into trouble over any of it – no 1questions asked
Throughout this chapter and the
the book we are walking a tight rope between women as victims
women as political agents
women as complicitous in colonialism, globalization, etc.